Staining adds color to wood. It is used to accentuate
wood, to enhance the grain pattern, to change the
appearance of wood, to make it look like another type of
wood or to emphasize the finer points of furniture.
Staining noticeably changes the way the wood looks;
therefore always do a spot test of the stain before
beginning to apply it on the furniture. If you cannot get
a scrap of wood that your furniture is made of, then apply
it on a spot on the furniture that is not visible to the
eye. The three components that make up stain are pigment,
dyes and a carrier. The carrier is the component that
decides whether the stain is oil based or water based. If
the test patch of stain looks blotchy then you will have
to apply a conditioner to the wood. Apply generous amounts
of the required type of wood conditioner, either water
based or oil based, similar to the stain you are using.
Apply the conditioner about a quarter hour before
staining. Use a staining pad, brush or rag to strokes that
are alike. Remove extra stain with a cloth. Letting the
stain stay on for a longer period of time will give the
wood a deeper color. After staining is complete let the
wood dry overnight. If you want a darker shade apply more
stain. Once the stain dries up it may look dull, but once
finish is applied it will look bright again.
Stains have been made from minerals and plants for many
years now. Stains can be made at home as well.
Use the following method for homemade water based
Soak iron nails
in a bottle of vinegar for many days. This will give an
ebony stain. After the vinegar has deepened in colors,
take some out and test it. Wait for the stain to dry to
get the right color of the stain.
quantities of ammonia, water and chewing tobacco. You will
get a brown stain. Test the stain on piece of wood to see
For dark walnut
stain, soak walnut husk in a jar of water for many days.
After the water turns dark pour our and test.
Things you require to make homemade oil based stain:
jars with lids.
Mix all these ingredients, while doing so write down the
how much of each ingredient you used, so that you can make
to same color stain later on if required. Otherwise it
will not be possible to make the stain twice.
Oil- based paints used by artist, tar used for roofing can
be used to make stains. Mix a small quantity of roofing
tar into a cup of turpentine and stir. Strain the mixture
through a strainer into a clean glass jar and store. Test
stain on wood to check color of stain. As homemade stain
doesn't have the binding agent it will take longer to dry.
In accent staining more than one color is used to stain to
enhance certain details of the furniture. Antiques have
more than one color as a result of age. To give your
furniture the same effect you can apply stain for varying
lengths of time. Wipe off stain earlier on one surface and
let it stay for longer on another surface. The furniture
will be stained in different shades and give it an antique
look. You can stain your furniture in a variety of colors
like red, blue, green etc. These non-traditional colors
can be used on that portion of the furniture that you wish
to accentuate. Allow the stain to dry for 24 hours before
applying finish. While working with stain wear protective
rubber gloves and protective glasses until you have
finished all the work.